Hexachlorobenzene
EPA Designation Regulated
EPA Classification Organic Chemicals
EPA Levels 1,2 zero MCLG (mg/L)
0.001 MCLG (mg/L)
Alternative Names HCB
Sources Discharge from metal refineries and agricultural chemical factories
Hexachlorobenzene is a pollutant from metal refineries and agricultural chemical factories.

Overview

Hexachlorobenzene, a synthetic organic chemical, is a white crystalline solid. It does not occur naturally in the environment.

Uses

Currently there are no commercial uses of hexachlorobenzene in the United States. It was used as a fungicide and to make fireworks and ammunition.

Health Effects

Some people who drink water containing hexachlorobenzene well in excess of the maximum contaminant level (MCL) for many years could experience liver or kidney problems; reproductive difficulties; increased risk of cancer.

EPA Data Source: Hexachlorobenzene

EPA Definitions:

1Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) - The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety and are non-enforceable public health goals.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) - The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking cost into consideration. MCLs are enforceable standards.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) - The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

(TT) Treatment Technique - A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL) - The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

2 Units are in milligrams per liter (mg/L) unless otherwise noted. Milligrams per liter are equivalent to parts per million.